Modern art is the term that refers to the art movement that emerged in the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. This term describes the style that broke from traditional representation and aimed to portray the world in a more subjective, diverse, and abstract way. The modern art movement is a significant event that changed the course of art history and influenced art production and interpretation to this day.
The roots of modern art can be traced back to the late 19th century when artists started to question the tradition of academic art. This was a period where artists began to reject the traditional way of representing the world, which was characterized by realism, academicism, and classicism. The emergence of photography, impressionism, and Japanese Ukiyo-e art style inspired the artists to explore new ways of expression, emphasizing subjective and personal experiences instead of objective and formal representations.
One of the most important movements that influenced modern art was the Cubism movement. This movement started in 1907 and was characterized by the use of geometric shapes and fragmentation of the image. It was pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, and it broke from the traditional idea of art representation that relied on the naturalistic depiction of the object. Cubism reflects the concept of modernity and the rapid development of the modern world in the early 20th century.
The Futurism movement also played a significant role in the development of modern art. This movement emerged in Italy in 1909, and it was characterized by a fascination with the speed and dynamism of modern technology and urban life. The Futurists wanted to express their enthusiasm for the modern world by creating artworks that depicted movement, speed, and dynamism.
Surrealism, another important movement of modern art, emerged in the 1920s. It was characterized by the creation of bizarre and dreamlike images that aimed to explore the depths of the unconscious mind. The Surrealists were inspired by Freud’s theory of the unconscious, and they wanted to express their deepest desires and fears through their artwork.
The Abstract Expressionism movement started in the 1940s and became one of the most significant movements in American art history. It was characterized by the use of large canvases, spontaneous and gestural brushwork, and non-representational images. Abstract Expressionism reflected the need for artists to express their individuality and emotions while breaking from traditional forms of art representation.
The history behind modern art is a complex and rich subject that reflects the changing times and social issues of the time. The modern art movement was a significant event that changed the course of art history and influenced art production and interpretation to this day. It is an example of how art can express the complexities of the human experience.